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Improved Analog Performance in Strained-Si MOSFETs Using the Thickness of the Silicon-Germanium Strain-Relaxed Buffer as a Design Parameter

Lookup NU author(s): Layi Alatise, Dr Kelvin Kwa, Dr Sarah Olsen, Professor Anthony O'Neill



The impact of self-heating in strained-Si MOSFETs on the switching characteristics of a complementary-metal oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) inverter and the voltage gain of a push-pull inverting amplifier is assessed by technology-computer-aided-design (TCAD) simulations. Strained-Si nMOSFETs on 4-mu m- and 425-nm-thick silicon-germanium strain-relaxed buffers (SiGe SRB) are cofabricated with silicon control nMOSFETs and used to calibrate the TCAD models. The measured data show a 50% reduction in thermal resistance from 30.5 to 16.6 K . mW(-1) as the thickness of the SiGe SRB is scaled from 4 mu m to 425 nm. Using the calibrated models, electrothermal simulations of CMOS inverters are performed by accounting for heat generation from carrier flow using the fully coupled energy-balance equations for electrons and holes. The results of the TCAD simulations show that the inverter voltage gain can be maximized by balancing the opposing effects of drain induced barrier lowering (DIBL) and self-heating i.e. DIBL increases the drain conductance whereas self-heating reduces the drain conductance. DIBL is shown to limit the simulated voltage gain of the Si control inverter, whereas self-heating in the strained-Si nMOSFET on the 4-mu m-thick SiGe SRB is shown to cause anomalous operation in the simulated inverter characteristics. The inverter voltage transfer characteristics simulated with the strained-Si nMOSFETs on the 425-nm SiGe SRB exhibited the highest voltage gain. The thickness of the SiGe SRB is presented as a design parameter for optimizing the analog performance of strained-Si MOSFETs.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Alatise OM, Kwa KSK, Olsen SH, O'Neill AG

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices

Year: 2009

Volume: 56

Issue: 12

Pages: 3041-3048

Date deposited: 05/03/2010

ISSN (print): 0018-9383

ISSN (electronic): 1557-9646

Publisher: IEEE


DOI: 10.1109/TED.2009.2030721


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