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Differing responses in milk composition from introducing rapeseed and naked oats to conventional and organic dairy diets

Lookup NU author(s): Gillian Butler, Dr Sokratis Stergiadis, Eleni Chatzidimitriou, Enrica Franceschin, Dr Hannah DavisORCiD



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).


© 2019, The Author(s). Dairy products are often considered challenging for health due to their saturated fatty acid content, yet they also provide beneficial nutrients, some unique to ruminants. The degree of fat saturation is influenced by cows’ diets; grazing pasture enhances unsaturated fatty acids in milk compared with conserved forages. These benefits can be partially mimicked by feeding oilseeds and here we consider the impact on milk composition in a 2 × 2 trial, feeding rapeseed to both conventional and organic cows, finding very differing lipid metabolism in the 4 experimental groups. For milk fat, benefits of organic rather than conventional management (+39% PUFA, +24% long chain omega-3 and +12% conjugated linoleic acid (CLA)) appear complementary to those from feeding rape (+43% MUFA, +10% PUFA, +40% CLA), combining to produce milk 16% lower SFA and higher in MUFA (43%), PUFA (55%) and CLA (59%). Organic and rape feeding provide less omega-3 PUFA than the conventional and control diets, yet contrary to expectations, together they almost doubled (+94%) the omega-3 concentration in milk, implying a 3.8 fold increase in net transfer from diet into milk. Organic and rape feeding also gave lower trace-elements and antioxidants in milk. Greater understanding of these phenomena might enhance the sustainability of dairying.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Butler G, Stergiadis S, Chatzidimitriou E, Franceschin E, Davis HR, Leifert C, Steinshamn H

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Scientific Reports

Year: 2019

Volume: 9

Issue: 1

Online publication date: 31/05/2019

Acceptance date: 20/05/2019

Date deposited: 12/06/2019

ISSN (electronic): 2045-2322

Publisher: Springer Nature


DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-44567-8


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