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Direct measurement of residual stress in sub-micron interconnects

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Alton Horsfall, Sorin Soare, Professor Nick Wright, Professor Anthony O'Neill, Professor Steve BullORCiD


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The process-induced stress in interconnect structures in modern integrated circuits has a direct influence on the mean time to failure for the device. As the active devices are aggressively scaled to meet the constant demands of the industry, the interconnect structures are also being driven to smaller dimensions and this is increasing the demands made on material scientists to deliver high quality, stress-free metallization. We have demonstrated the measurement of process-induced stress in a single interconnect structure, fabricated in a CMOS compatible process, using a rotating beam sensor. We have shown its applicability in observing the variation in stress level from differing process conditions. Comparison of the rotation observed in the fabricated sensors with finite element simulation using ANSYS is discussed. The structure is suitable for use in a production environment and is scalable to deep sub-micron features for future technology nodes.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Horsfall AB, Dos Santos JMM, Soare SM, Wright NG, O'Neill AG, Bull SJ, Walton AJ, Gundlach AM, Stevenson JTM

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Semiconductor Science and Technology

Year: 2003

Volume: 18

Issue: 11

Pages: 992-996

Print publication date: 01/11/2003

ISSN (print): 0268-1242

ISSN (electronic): 1361-6641

Publisher: Institute of Physics Publishing Ltd.


DOI: 10.1088/0268-1242/18/11/315


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